Health

Lung infections including Covid-19 HALVED in a week in hospitals and care homes in England

The number Covid-19-like outbreaks has doubled in workplaces across England as shops reopen and lockdown loosens, data revealed today.

Official statistics show 43 ‘respiratory outbreaks’ occurred in workplaces between June 21 and 28 — double the 22 the week before.

And there were a total of 109 outbreaks in June, compared to just 22 in May as ‘non-essential’ shops reopened and the nation finally returned to work.

More promising figures from Public Health England, however, show the number of outbreaks in hospitals fell from 27 to 13 and it fell from 112 to 58 in care homes.

Hospitals and care homes have remained hotspots for the virus during lockdown but cases in those settings now appear to be dwindling.  

Although PHE does not specify all the outbreaks are Covid-19, they are ‘respiratory outbreaks’ – meaning lung infections – and it is not cold or flu season, so many are likely to be the coronavirus.

Public Health England’s report said the overall number of outbreaks has declined.

‘There have been declines in the number of care home and hospital incidents,’ it said.

‘The number of incidents in educational settings remains relatively stable whereas the number of incidents in workplaces has increased from 22 in week 25 [June 21] to 43 in week 26 [June 28]. 

‘Since Pillar 2 testing became open to everyone during week 21 [May 22] more outbreaks of mild disease have been detected in settings with healthy younger populations.’

The spike in workplace outbreaks of coughs and colds has coincided with the Government allowing ‘non-essential’ shops to reopen.

Outdoor shops like car dealerships and markets were allowed to reopen from June 1.

And high street stores and other ‘non-essential’ shops were permitted to reopen from June 15, meaning all shops could start to open again with social distancing measures.

Throughout May, when most of England was still under lockdown, there were 22 respiratory outbreaks reported to Public Health England.

But in June – after shops were allowed to begin reopening – there were 109. Every week in June averaged more outbreaks than the entire month of May. 

As the number workplace outbreaks has risen, however, the number of positive tests being declared by the Department of Health has fallen.

During May a total of 105,314 people were diagnosed with Covid-19, which fell dramatically to 37,167 in June.

Outbreaks in PHE’s data do not have defined sizes, so it is not clear how many individual people are involved in each incident.

The data also shows that the numbers of outbreaks surged in schools after they were allowed to reopen to Reception, Year 1 and Year 6 pupils.

After 29 outbreaks in May, when the numbers of pupils were strictly limited and only the children of key workers were attending, there were 137 in June.

Data today showed that the Covid-19 outbreak in England appears to have stopped shrinking and there are still up to 3,600 people catching the disease each day ahead of ‘Super Saturday’ this weekend when pubs will reopen and social distancing loosened. 

Office for National Statistics (ONS) data suggests 25,000 people across the country currently have Covid-19, or one in 2,200 people (0.04 per cent of the population) — a huge drop on the 51,000 active cases the week before. 

But the same data shows the virus is spreading at a slightly quicker rate, with an estimated 25,000 new cases in the week ending June 27 — up from the 22,000 infections occurring in the community the week before. 

ONS statisticians, who made their projection based on swab testing of 25,000 people picked at random, warned the speed at which the outbreak is declining has ‘levelled off’.

The estimate is in line with yesterday’s prediction by Public Health England and Cambridge University academics, who claimed up to 3,000 people are still getting infected each day. 

This included 1,000 in the Midlands, which is home to Leicester — the first UK city to be hit by a ‘local lockdown’. Their estimate is based on modelling of based on death data, antibody surveillance sampling and mobility reports.

But both guesses are much higher than the one by King’s College London scientists, who believe around 1,200 people are being struck down each day. The academics rely on people logging in to a symptom-tracking app and confirming they have tested positive.         

HOW HAVE THE NUMBERS OF ‘RESPIRATORY OUTBREAKS’ CHANGED IN DIFFERENT SETTINGS AROUND THE COUNTRY? (Public Health England data)
Week Care homes Hospitals Schools Workplace
Jan 5 82 11 0 0
Jan 12 70 13 0 0
Jan 19 50 9 1 0
Jan 26 30 3 1 0
Feb 02 28 0 10 0
Feb 09 20 0 4 0
Feb 16 19 2 4 0
Feb 23 19 8 0 0
Mar 01 13 1 1 0
Mar 08 17 2 3 0
Mar 15 41 19 10 3
Mar 22 249 24 30 2
Mar 29 521 37 5 1
Apr 05 796 52 2 2
Apr 12 1010 27 1 1
Apr 19 984 15 1 0
Apr 26 867 12 1 0
May 03 710 10 3 1
May 10 428 12 2 3
May 17 296 13 5 6
May 24 222 12 3 7
May 31 114 12 16 5
Jun 07 106 44 15 24
Jun 14 103 23 33 20
Jun 21 112 27 49 22
Jun 28 58 13 40 43
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